Portrait of Mrs. Charles L. Leonard, 1895
Oil on board, 13 3/4 X 10 3/4 inches
Initialed T.E. lower right
Estate of the above
Susan Macdowell Eakins, wife of the artist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Charles Bregler, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, gift from the above
Joseph Katz, Baltimore, Maryland
M. Knoedler & Co., New York by 1961
Joseph H. Hirshhorn, New York, acquired from the above, 1961-1966
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C., 1966-2011
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Thomas Eakins Centennial Exhibition, 1844-1944, 8 April – 14 May 1944, no. 78
M. Knoedler & Co., A Loan Exhibition of the Works of Thomas Eakins, 1844-1944, 5 June – 31 July 1944, p. 14 in catalogue, no. 52; toured to the Wilmington Society of the Fine Arts, Delaware Arts Center, 1-29 October; Doll & Richards Gallery, Boston, 4-21 November; State Art Gallery, Raleigh, North Carolina, 26 November – 31 December
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Thomas Eakins Centennial Exhibition 1844-1944, 26 April – 1 June 1945, no. 99
Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden, Washington, The Thomas Eakins Collection of the Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden, 24 May – 5 September 1977.
Alan Burroughs, Catalogue of Works by Thomas Eakins, 1869-1916, The Arts, vol. 5, June 1924, p. 330
Gordon Hendricks, The Life and Work of Thomas Eakins, New York, Grossman Publishers, 1974, p. 322, no. 77, illustrated
Lloyd Goodrich, Thomas Eakins: His Life and Work, New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, 1933, p. 186, no. 286
Phyllis D. Rosenzweig, The Thomas Eakins Collection of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press, 1977, p. 151, no. 82, illustrated.
Dating from the period of Thomas Eakins’ greatest portraits, Study for Mrs. Charles L. Leonard was conceived as a companion to the portrait of her husband, the noted Philadelphia physician and X-ray pioneer. Although a finished version after this work was completed, it is now lost.
Despite the preliminary nature and small scale of this study, Eakins has provided an incisive characterization that suggests his subject’s regal bearing and captures the humanity in her serene, contemplative expression.